It has become increasingly common amongst college classrooms in recent years. The result has been a tremendous amount of research on the topic. Numerous studies have supported the benefits of active learning in regard to its impact on teaching and student learning.
A mixed purposeful sampling strategy which involves using more than one sampling strategy for a particular purpose was used to select a sample of 24 street vendors chosen from the population of vendors selling on the streets sidewalks of downtown Kingston.
Street vendors were therefore chosen using the maximum variation strategy which involved purposively selecting a most diverse variety of people, which meant choosing male and female vendors of various products with varied modes of vending and various ages.
The opportunistic or emergent strategy following new leads during fieldwork; taking advantage of the unexpected; flexibility which involved using a sample as the opportunity arose was also used, especially where vendors were on the alert to make a hasty retreat whenever the police approached for fear of arrest Patton, During this phase which was conducted in concert with the data collection phase, the data was coded using as many categories age, gender etc.
Descriptive statistics were calculated on the data transferred from the questionnaires by keying typing them into the data editor of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences more recently renamed the Statistical Product and Service Solutions SPSS on a computer and the output analysed Responses to Research Question 1 How valuable is street vending perceived to poor communities in Jamaica?
In their responses to both the questionnaires and the interviews the participants all said that they felt that street vending was very valuable to poor communities in Jamaica.
Fifty percent of the street vendors interviewed said that their success with street vending fluctuated — it had its good and bad and up and down times. The responses to Research question 2 from the questionnaire were supported by responses received on the interview.
The questionnaires and the structured interviews were amazingly alike in their findings about street vendors. Unanimous results were received from five variables on the questionnaire: It may be inferred also that the information derived from the population sample was a fair reflection of what may be found in the general population of street vendors in Jamaica.
Triangulation of the data through the comparison of the results of the questionnaire with the responses from the same participants in the interview showed agreement and that the results of the survey are valid. The findings from the research agreed with what was found in the literature, that street vendors valued their trade as a means of survival and saw it as a valuable contributor to poor communities.
The finding also support the view that the negative perception of street vending and its value has fueled harsh reactions from the authorities and law enforcement teams which have denied the rights of the vendors trade and of the vendors themselves Responses to Research Question 3 What role can street vendors play in changing the negative perception of street vending in Jamaica?
They said that they felt the negative perception of vendors would change if they kept the areas where they worked clean, did not block the pavement or sidewalks and behaved decently. Responses to Research Question 4 How are the authorities perceived as viewing street vendors?
The participants interviewed revealed that vendors felt that the law enforcement officers seem to take things into their own hands at times and were unjust in their treatment of the vendors. Participants made special mention of the treatment meted out to elderly vendors and even pregnant women who were chased by the officers and pushed around, sometimes resulting in bodily harm.
Some heavily built vendors fell and hurt themselves in an effort to escape the police. They said they sometimes felt like giving up street vending and turning to a life of crime. The results closely matched the responses to the interview in which respondents indicated that they needed better representation of their problems and suggestions to the authorities and the government.
Easier entry by newly unemployed persons into businesses of their own should also be facilitated resulting in the improvement of revenue collection.
Regulations which are reasonable, simple and easily understood would redound to street vendors registering and complying more readily with the regulations. Properly managed and monitored street vendor regulations and personnel would serve to eliminate harassment from law enforcement teams and extortionists, resulting in less unemployment and increase the intake of revenue.
Implications Paramount to the success of any efforts towards improving the regulation of street vending in Jamaica is the removal of the negative stigma associated with street vending and the decriminalization of the trade. Greater inclusiveness, communication and collaboration with the vendors and vendor organizations, by government and municipalities, in the planning and development of regulations to manage street vending, would result in better organization and cooperation of vendors and better management of street vending in Jamaica.Summary: Discovery Learning is a method of inquiry-based instruction, discovery learning believes that it is best for learners to discover facts and relationships for themselves.
Whether you want to achieve ITIL certification, perform more effectively in your ITIL job role or oversee an ITIL implementation, Learning Tree is your first choice . What are problem, project, and inquiry based learning? How are these approaches alike and different? How do I choose the best approach for my technology-rich classroom?
A project-based approach is enjoyable for everyone involved. Can fun activities really promote learning? Over the past decade an. Abstract: Speech separation is the task of separating target speech from background interference.
Traditionally, speech separation is studied as a signal processing problem. A more recent approach formulates speech separation as a supervised learning problem, where the discriminative patterns of speech, speakers, and background noise are learned from training data.
Problem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional approach that has been used successfully for over 30 years and continues to gain acceptance in multiple disciplines. What's Your Learning Style? One of the most widely used models of learning styles is The Index of Learning Styles™ developed by Dr Richard Felder and Barbara Soloman in the late s, and based on a learning styles model developed by Dr Felder and Linda Silverman..
According to this model (which Felder revised in ) there are four dimensions of learning styles.