Rogers identified six conditions which are needed to produce personality changes in clients: Living in the present rather than the past or future, with organismic trust, naturalistic faith in your own thoughts and the accuracy in your feelings, and a responsible acknowledgment of your freedom, with a view toward participating fully in our world, contributing to other peoples' lives, are hallmarks of Rogers' person-centered therapy. Rogers also claims that the therapeutic process is essentially the accomplishments made by the client. The client having already progressed further along in their growth and maturation development, only progresses further with the aid of a psychologically favored environment.
Bookmark Three of the main forms of counselling can sometimes be confusing. In this article I hope to unravel and clarify some of the mystery surrounding these three types of counselling approaches by means of comparing and contrasting with reference to their differing theoretical rationale, therapeutic interventions and processes of change.
The Person-Centred Approach Originator: Carl Rogers — focuses on the belief that we are all born with an innate ability for psychological growth if external circumstances allow us to do so.
Clients become out of touch with this self-actualising tendency by means of introjecting the evaluations of others and thereby treating them as if they were their own. As well as being non-directive the counselling relationship is based on the core conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard.
By clients being prized and valued, they can learn to accept who they are and reconnect with their true selves. The Psychodynamic Approach Originator: The urges that drive us emanate from our unconscious and we are driven by them to repeat patterns of behaviour.
Therapy includes free association, the analysis of resistance and transference, dream analysis and interpretation and is usually long term. The aim is to make the unconscious conscious in order for the client to gain insight.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Contributors: We are reactive beings who respond to a variety of external stimuli and Humanistic vs cognitive behaviour is a result of learning and conditioning.
Because our behaviour is viewed as having being learned, it can, therefore, be unlearned. By Humanistic vs cognitive clients to recognise negative thought patterns they can learn new positive ways of thinking which ultimately will affect their feelings and their behaviour.
When comparing and contrasting these three major approaches in relation to their differing theoretical rationale, I found the following similarities between the Person-Centred Approach and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Both deal with the conscious mind, the here and now and focus on current problems and issues the client may have.
They both have a positive view of human nature and view the individual as not necessarily being a product of their past experiences, but acknowledge that they are able to determine their own futures. They both attempt to improve well-being by means of a collaborative therapeutic relationship that enables and facilitates healthy coping mechanisms in clients who are experiencing psychological pain and disharmony in their lives.
The id and the organismic self are both representative of that part of the psyche that is often ignored or repressed. The super-ego and the self-concept, both describe internalised rules and moral values which have been imposed upon us by significant others.
The ego is similar to the actualising tendency in that it is concerned with mediating between the id and the super-ego and the actualising tendency seems to echo this. In contrasting the Person-Centred Approach with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in relation to their differing theoretical rationale Cognitive Behavioural Therapy sees behaviour as being a learned response whereas the Person Centred view is that clients have not been able to have previously self-actualised.
From a Cognitive Behavioural perspective, human experience is viewed as a product of the interacting elements of physiology, cognition, behaviour and emotion. The Cognitive Behavioural Approach is based upon the theoretical rationale that the way in which we feel and behave is determined by how we perceive and structure our experience.
In the Person-Centred Approach, a person is viewed as having had various experiences and developing a personality as a result of these subjective experiences. In contrast to the Psychodynamic Approach, the Person-Centred Approach focuses on the conscious mind and what is going on in the here-and-now whereas the Psychodynamic Approach focuses on the subconscious and looks to early childhood to examine unresolved conflicts.
The Person-Centred Approach focuses on the positive belief in the human ability to self-actualise whereas the Psychodynamic Approach focuses largely on the negative aspects. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, however, focuses on the here and now and is goal orientated. The Psychodynamic Approach sees us as being driven by unconscious urges whereas Cognitive Behavioural Approach sees our behaviour as being a learned response.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy sees functioning or dysfunctioning as being a learned response to external stimuli.
In both these approaches, the client is prepared for the eventual ending a few sessions before the actual end of therapy. Both would use awareness techniques. The therapeutic intervention of immediacy used in the Person Centred Approach could be compared to the technique of transference used in the Psychodynamic Approach however; in the Person-Centred Approach, the emphasis on the present replaces the investigative perspective of the Psychodynamic Approach.
In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, clients are taught skills which are needed and necessary for them to change which would, in turn, reduce their emotional angst and change their behaviour. In the Person-Centred Approach growth is self-directed. The Person-Centred Approach pays no attention to the issue of transference.
The relationship between the client and the counsellor is also different in that in the Person Centred Approach the core conditions are a vital tool whereas in the Psychodynamic Approach the counsellor is a blank slate onto which the client can project.
Many of our schemas were put in place when we were very young and stem from childhood, this learned response and behaviour could be linked to the Psychodynamic intervention of linking childhood events and associated feelings to current problems. In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, the techniques used could be systematic desensitisation, reinforcement techniques, forceful disputing, reality testing and the identifying of automatic thoughts.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is directive and is goal orientated and does not look at the clients past. By changing thoughts, we can change the way in which we react to situations and events.
In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, this process of change occurs by means of education, and by bringing these thought patterns into awareness behavioural change will occur.Existential perspectives and cognitive behavioral therapy Jan Prasko, Barbora Mainerova, Daniela Jelenova, Dana Kamaradova, Zuzana Sigmundova cognitive behavioral therapy, existential therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance The concepts of humanistic existentialism have discreetly but gradually entered the practice of CBT.
Humanistic Vs Cognitive. Behaviorism, Cognitive and Humanistic All Summed Up Janice M. Brown Aspects of Psychology Professor Trego November 8, Behaviorism, Cognitive, and Humanistic Behaviorism, cognitive and humanistic are all perspectives (or theories) of psychology.
Behaviorism is a perspective that suggests that all behaviors are learned. The purpose of this document is to define the differences between two Psychological approaches- specifically that of the Humanistic and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
The Humanistic approach to Psychology emphasises the importance of the individual as a whole person.
The therapy is lead by the. Also known as humanism, humanistic therapy is a positive approach to psychotherapy that focuses on a person’s individual nature, rather than categorizing groups of people with similar.
The humanistic approach in psychology developed in the s and 70s in the United States as a response to the continual struggle between behavioral theorists and cognitive psychologists. The humanists brought in a new perspective, believing that the . Cognitive psychology is the theoretical perspective that focuses on learning based on how people perceive, remember, think, speak and problem-solve.
The cognitive perspective differs from the.