He became a legend in his own lifetime by committing crimes supposedly out of revenge for the poor treatment he, his family, and other Southern sympathizers received from Union Union is the term used to identify the United States and its government during the Civil War. Battles and skirmishes were fought throughout the country by Union and Confederate forces. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S.
This area of Missouri was largely settled by people from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennesseeand became known as Little Dixie for this reason.
James had two full siblings: His father, Robert S. Jamesfarmed commercial hemp in Kentucky and was a Baptist minister before coming to Missouri.
Robert traveled to California during the Gold Rush to minister to those searching for gold;  he died there when James was three years old. Reuben Samuelwho moved into the James family home. Jesse's mother and Samuel had four children together: Farmers raised the same crops and livestock as in the areas from which they had migrated.
They brought slaves with them and purchased more according to their needs. The county counted more slaveholders and more slaves than most other regions of the state; in Missouri as a whole, slaves accounted for only 10 percent of the population, but in Clay County they constituted 25 percent.
This influenced how the population acted during and for a period of time after the war. After the passage of the Kansas—Nebraska Act inClay County became the scene of great turmoil, as the question of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory bred tension and hostility.
Many people from Missouri migrated to Kansas to try to influence its future. Much of the dramatic build-up to the Civil War centered on the violence that erupted on the Kansas—Missouri border between pro- and anti-slavery militias.
A bitter conflict ensued, resulting in an escalating cycle of atrocities committed by both sides. Confederate guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners, and scalped the dead. The Union presence enforced martial law with raids on homes, arrests of civilians, summary executionsand banishment of Confederate sympathizers from the state.
He fell ill and returned home soon afterward. Inhe was identified as a member of a guerrilla squad that operated in Clay County. They tortured Reuben Samuel by briefly hanging him from a tree.
According to legend, they lashed young Jesse. Quantrill known as Quantrill's Raiders. It is thought that he took part in the notorious massacre of some two hundred men and boys in Lawrence, Kansasa center of abolitionists.
In the spring he returned in a squad commanded by Fletch Taylor.
Jesse suffered a serious wound to the chest that summer. The Clay County provost marshal reported that both Frank and Jesse James took part in the Centralia Massacre in September, in which guerrillas stopped a train carrying unarmed Union soldiers returning home from duty and killed or wounded some 22 of them; the guerrillas scalped and dismembered some of the dead.
The guerrillas also ambushed and defeated a pursuing regiment of Major A. Johnson's Union troops, killing all who tried to surrender, who numbered more than Frank later identified Jesse as a member of the band who had fatally shot Major Johnson.
Though ordered to move South beyond Union lines, they moved north across the nearby state border into Nebraska Territory.
Frank followed Quantrill into Kentuckywhile Jesse went to Texas under the command of Archie Clementone of Anderson's lieutenants.
He is known to have returned to Missouri in the spring. The conflict split the population into three bitterly opposed factions: The Republican-dominated Reconstruction legislature passed a new state constitution that freed Missouri's slaves.
It temporarily excluded former Confederates from voting, serving on juries, becoming corporate officers, or preaching from church pulpits. The atmosphere was volatile, with widespread clashes between individuals and between armed gangs of veterans from both sides of the war.
He was tended to by his first cousin, Zerelda "Zee" Mimmsnamed after Jesse's mother. Meanwhile, his former commander Archie Clement kept his bushwhacker gang together and began to harass Republican authorities.
The bank was owned by Republican former militia officers. They had recently conducted the first Republican Party rally in Clay County's history. During the gang's escape from the town, an innocent bystander, a student at William Jewell Collegewas shot dead on the street.
After the James brothers successfully conducted other robberies and became legendary, some observers retroactively credited them with being the leaders of the robbery. No evidence has been found that connects either brother to the crime, nor conclusively rules them out.Jesse Woodson James was born in Clay County, Missouri, on September 5, He was the third of four children born to Robert and Zerelda Cole James, both Kentucky natives.
Jesse James passed away on April 11, at the age of 30 in Ahwatukee, Arizona. Funeral Home Services for Jesse are being provided by Greenwood/Memory Lawn Born: Apr 29, On July 21, , infamous outlaw and American folk figure Jesse James robbed his first train in Adair, Iowa with the help of his posse, the James-Younger Gang.
The outlaws used stolen tools to pry up part of the track, pulling it aside with rope as the train rounded a blind curve. They boarded the. The Bourne Legacy () cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Road Dog Jesse James Bend-em Action Figure - WWF World Wrestling Federation Series X.
Directed by Frank McDonald. With Dickie Jones, Nancy Gilbert, Harry Cheshire, Carleton Young. Survivors of Jesse James old outlaw gang try to recover his hidden loot with a .