See Article History Alternative Titles: Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaskaat the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaiiin the mid-Pacific Ocean. The conterminous states are bounded on the north by Canadaon the east by the Atlantic Oceanon the south by the Gulf of Mexico and Mexicoand on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Email Heart disease and cancer still top the list as the leading causes of death in the United States, but the gap is closing between the two. A new report out from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looks at the shifting trends in Americans' health and mortality, and the conditions most likely to take lives.
Ina total of 2, deaths were reported in the United States, and the age-adjusted death rate decreased 1 percent to a record low. When you're looking at these categories you have to account for the fact that there are competing risks, but you can't avoid death," said Anderson.
Why the list, then? Crunching the data provides researchers with information that will help develop prevention programs, he explained. Anderson, who oversaw the production of the National Center for Health Statistics report, shared some insights into the top ten: Heart disease While heart disease has topped the list for years now, the actual number of deaths and the death rate for heart disease has come down by quite a bit over recent decades, said Anderson.
For trends in heart disease, you see a substantial increase from the beginning of 20th century to or so, and then it starts to come down.
It mirrors the rise and decline in smoking in the United States "What we've seen in last 20 or 30 years is rapid decline in heart disease. The decline has been fairly rapid and rapid enough so it's sort of overshadowed the aging of the population," said Anderson.
However, a new study published this week in JAMA Cardiology, by Kaiser Permanente researchers, shows that the decline in deaths from heart disease and stroke has slowed, nearly leveling out since Cancer Cancer has seen a gradual rise in deaths over time although death rates have declined gradually since While smoking cessation's perks were pretty quickly reflected in a drop in heart disease-related deaths, the increasing number of cancer deaths reflect the longer term damage smoking can do, as well as a growing aging population.
It kills you later than heart disease does on average," said Anderson. Chronic lower respiratory diseases Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPDlargely due to smoking, makes up the majority of deaths in this category.
It also includes deaths from chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma. Again, smoking earlier in life or throughout life plays a large part in respiratory disease deaths, including secondhand smoke-related illnesses.
Accidents Motor vehicle accidents, unintentional drug overdoses, and accidental falls and other injuries make up this category. The number of accidental drug-related deaths has been on the rise amid a growing epidemic of heroin and opioid painkiller addiction.
Deaths from motor vehicle accidents declined when seat belts and car seats for kids were mandated. Stroke Cerebrovascular disease, or stroke, is not considered heart disease -- it involves blood vessels. Both infarction, a blockage in blood vessels leading to the brain, and hemorrhage due to things like brain aneurisms, are included," said Anderson.
This is another category that has dropped substantially, he added. Smoking and healthy behaviors and our ability to treat these diseases have had an impact. We've gotten very good at treating cardiovascular disease generally and that's had an impact on both heart disease and stroke deaths. It's a combination of both prevention and treatment," Anderson said.
Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease has climbed up the list. Folks who work on this have come up with better diagnostic criteria. Some of these [deaths] may have in previous years been reported as dementiawhich goes to a separate category," said Anderson.
But not all of the increase has to do with better diagnosis and reporting, he noted. Alzheimer's risk tends to increase with age, so as there have been substantial declines in heart disease and stroke, more people are living to older ages and developing Alzheimer's.
Diabetes Diabetes has bobbled up and down on the top ten list over the years.U.S. spy agencies have built an intelligence-gathering colossus since the attacks of Sept.
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